Torticollis is a fixed or dynamic tilt, rotation, or flexion of the head and/or neck. The type of torticollis can be described depending on the positions of head and neck.
- laterocollis : the head is tipped toward the shoulder
- rotational torticollis : the head rotates along the longitudal axis
- anterocollis : forward flexion of the head and neck
- retrocollis : hyperextension of head and neck backward
A combination of these movements often may be observed.